After a traumatic event, blood can leak out of the circulatory system and build up in tissue. This collection of blood is called a hematoma. The hematoma, or blood effusion, can be caused by various factors: the size of the affected vessel, i.e. capillaries, veins or arteries; entity of the trauma, characteristics of the tissue in which it is formed and coagulation capacity.
The affected area is swollen, painful, and bluish in color. This staining will go through different stages based on the degree of resorption of the hematoma.
To facilitate the reabsorption of the hematoma there are numerous creams on the market.
Among these, we point out Pasaneem®, Kelairon® and Hirudoid®. The topical application of these gels (about twice a day until definitive resolution) allows to speed up the reabsorption of the hematoma.
Many also recommend using remedies based on plant ingredients (arnica, vitamin K) but to date there are no scientific studies that confirm their validity so their use is at the discretion of the person.
Most bruising occurs soon after treatment, however, in some cases, they can persist for long periods of time. In these cases, vascular lasers or pulsed light are used.
It is worth observing some rules in the presence of a hematoma; among these, first of all there is certainly that of avoiding sunbathing on the affected area or in any case putting on total protection to avoid skin discolouration. Furthermore, it is preferable to suspend all types of physical activity until the hematoma is completely reabsorbed.
Download our guide on hematomas and always keep it with you.
The information contained in this page is for general information purposes only. This page and all information contained therein do not constitute: 1) the advice of
medical 2) an evaluation or 3) a consultation 4) as a substitute for a formal medical evaluation and/or a doctor’s consultation. Furthermore, the information and correspondence contained in any email, text message or chat on social portals, including all responses, is not and will not create a formal doctor-patient relationship. Prospective patients who would like a formal consultation are welcome to call for an appointment. The contents present cannot be copied, reproduced, published or redistributed because they belong to the author himself. Copying and reproduction of the contents in any way or form is prohibited. The diffusion, distribution and/or copying of the document or part of it, transmitted by any subject other than the recipient, is prohibited, both pursuant to article 616 of the CP, and pursuant to Legislative Decree No. 196/2003. The publication and redistribution of contents not expressly authorized by the author is prohibited.