After a traumatic event, blood can leak out of the circulatory system and build up in tissue. This collection of blood is called a hematoma. The hematoma, or blood effusion, can be caused by various factors: the size of the affected vessel, i.e. capillaries, veins or arteries; entity of the trauma, characteristics of the tissue in which it is formed and coagulation capacity.


The affected area is swollen, painful, and bluish in color. This staining will go through different stages based on the degree of resorption of the hematoma.


To facilitate the reabsorption of the hematoma there are numerous creams on the market.
Among these, we point out Pasaneem®, Kelairon® and Hirudoid®. The topical application of these gels (about twice a day until definitive resolution) allows to speed up the reabsorption of the hematoma.

Many also recommend using remedies based on plant ingredients (arnica, vitamin K) but to date there are no scientific studies that confirm their validity so their use is at the discretion of the person.

Most bruising occurs soon after treatment, however, in some cases, they can persist for long periods of time. In these cases, vascular lasers or pulsed light are used.


It is worth observing some rules in the presence of a hematoma; among these, first of all there is certainly that of avoiding sunbathing on the affected area or in any case putting on total protection to avoid skin discolouration. Furthermore, it is preferable to suspend all types of physical activity until the hematoma is completely reabsorbed.

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